Region Baza (Altiplano-South)


Altiplano is the northernmost part of the province and is formed by two regions; Huéscar and Baza. The Baza region is the southernmost region of the Altiplano. The Altiplano has a mountain and semi-desert climate with hot summers and cold winters. Most people work in agriculture (almonds and olives) and the region is known for its “Cordero de Segureño” lamb. Tourism is in a growth phase; in this area you will discover the real Spanish life. The Altiplano has a very complete selection of attractions; from picturesque horse rides to paragliding and hang-gliding from the Jabalcón peak, as well as windsurfing, kayaking, sailing or hiking. (Source: Patronato Provincial de Turismo de Granada).


Demographic characteristics

The “Instituto de Estadística y Cartografía de Andalucía” annually determines the number of inhabitants. Here the figures are taken from the municipal registrations. We looked at the country of birth of the people who were registered in a municipality in the Baza region in 2017.

The figures show the following: a total of 3,023 foreigners lived in the Baza region in 2017, which was 7.81% of the population. Of this 1,661 people were European, which was 4.37% of the total population in the Baza region. The largest groups of foreigners were: Romanians (726), Africans (671), Americans (604) and Moroccans (555). The largest groups of Europeans after the Romanians are the English (452), French (181) and Bulgarians (99). At least according to statistics, many Europeans are not registered in the municipality.

The majority of Europeans live in:

  • Baza: 732 people corresponding to 3.55% of the population. The largest group are Romania with 452 people.
  • Canilles: 248 people corresponding to 5.93% of the population. The largest group is the English with 102 people.
  • Zújar: 189 people corresponding to 7.24% of the population. The largest group are the Romanians with 132 people.

However, if we look at the number of foreigners as a percentage of the total population, other names will appear:



Aeropuerto Federico García Lorca Granada- Jaén: this airport is located next to the city of Granada. The distance from Baza to the airport is 112 km (1 hour and 5 minutes). There are a total of 12 destinations, including London and Naples. Click here for all destinations.

Málaga-Costa del Sol aeropuerto: this airport is located just outside the city of Malaga. The distance from Baza to the airport is 228 km (2 hours and 5 minutes). There are a total of 110 destinations, including Belfast, Birmingham, Bournemouth, Bristol, Cardiff, Cork, Doncaster, East Midlands, Edinburgh, Exeter, Glasgow, Leeds/Bradfort, Liverpool,  London, Manchester, New Castle, Shannon, Southend Sen. Click here for all destinations.

Aeropuerto de Alicante-Elche: this airport is located south of the city of Alicante. The distance from Huéscar to the airport is 249 km (2 hours and 20 minutes). There are a total of 94 destinations, including a lot of destinations to UK and Ireland . Click here for all destinations.


Climate of Baza

The climate is classified as warm and temperate. The winters are rainier than the summers. According to Köppen and Geiger, the climate is classified as Csa. The average temperature in Baza is 14.5 ° C. About 433 mm of precipitation falls annually and the least precipitation falls in July; the average in this month is 7 mm. The greatest amount of precipitation falls in April, with an average of 54 mm. The temperatures are on average highest in July, around 24.4 ° C. and the lowest average temperature of the year occurs in January, when it is about 6.5 ° C. (Source:


Cave houses in Baza

Like the Guadix region, the Altiplano has grounds that were easy to unearth; slate and clay. This has meant that many people have dug their own cave house since history. The advantage of a cave house is the thermal insulation, which ensures that the temperature remains constant throughout the year; warm in the winter and cool in the summer. The ceilings of the caves are round in shape and together with the walls they are whitewashed. Nowadays many cave dwellings have been renovated and some have even been turned into luxurious holiday homes with all their charm and comfort.


Nature in the southern Altiplano

In the region lies a nature park Sierra de Baza. It is a very green park, rich in Scottish and Austrian pines and flora. It has a higher rainfall than the other parks and the mountain range has a maximum height of 2300 meters. The park is 56.649 ha and has beautiful valleys such as Bordurria, deep gorges such as Plaza, Mediterranean meadows such as Los Prados del Rey. One has a beautiful view from the lookout point “Mirrador de Narváez”. Different animals can be seen as deer, foxes, boars and even bee-eaters. Many archaeological remains can be found in the park. The rock drawings of the Jabalcón hill are the most important. There is also a large reservoir Embalse de Negratin (Freila / Baza) where various water sports can be practiced such as windsurfing and canoeing.


Villages in the region Baza

In the southern part of the Altiplano, Baza is the largest city with a huge list of monuments and located next to the Sierra de Baza Natural Park. In the middle we find one of the most beautiful lakes in Andalusia, Negratin Reservoir. On the south side of the lake there are natural hot springs, which you can try out in Baños de Zujar. The lake also offers recreational activities on the beach of Freila and on the north side of Cuevas del Campo. Below an overview of all villages in the Baza region. Click on the photo to view more information and photos of each village.


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